Conducted every three years by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), PISA tests the skills and knowledge of 15-year-old students in dozens of countries in order to evaluate education systems worldwide. It assesses reading, mathematics and science.
The results released in December 2019 are compiled from the 2018 PISA. In Finland, the 2018 survey comprised 214 schools from all areas of the country, with 42 students at each school selected randomly to participate. The test group included Finnish-speaking and Swedish-speaking schools – both are official languages in Finland.
Finland’s results in the reading literacy section have it sharing second place with Canada among OECD countries and sixth place out of all participating nations and regions. In mathematical literacy Finland also performed well, placing between seven and 13 among OECD countries and between 12 and 18 overall (the countries are grouped this way because their scores are extremely close together). In science literacy, which concentrated on natural sciences this time, Finland ranked third among OECD countries and sixth overall despite gathering fewer points than it did in the previous PISA.
PISA 2018 also asked students to assess their own life satisfaction; Finnish 15-year-olds gave this a mean score of 7.61 on a scale of one to ten. If you chart the scores for life satisfaction against those for reading proficiency, it becomes clear that Finland is the only country where both categories are at a high level. This may indicate a positive balance between school and other aspects of life, just as Finnish adults, according to international comparisons, enjoy an admirable level of work-life balance.
The graph of kids’ interest in reading shows a decline in Finland, as it does in many places all over the world. Surprisingly many children answered that they read only when necessary – the question included digital and paper platforms. This issue seems sure to demand attention from parents, educators and politicians to encourage reading, which forms the basis for so much other learning.
One open secret about the success of the Finnish education system is that the same high standard of education is available to children all over the country, regardless of geographic location or socioeconomic background. Minister of Education Li Andersson remarked upon this in a press conference in Helsinki, pointing out that the PISA results show that there are minimal differences between the many participating schools.
This means, she said, that everyone in Finland “can trust that their own local school is among the best schools in the world.”
By ThisisFINLAND staff, December 2019